Mangrove species, casuarinas, and grasses like the indigo bush. At Bhitarkanika, we got to see 6 different types of Kingfisher birds in its dense mangroves dotting the creeks. The Sanctuary comprising mangrove forests meandering rivers, innumerable criss-crossed tidal inundated creeks provide last refuge to the already endangered salt water crocodile (Crocodilus porosus). Fauna species found in Bhitarkanika include: Salt water crocodiles, Olive Ridley Turtles, Kingfishers, bird varieties, python, monitor lizards, wild boar, hyenas, spotted deer, wild cat, jungle fowl. The boat ride from Khola to Dangmal or vice versa is highly recommended. It is a very good place to sight the giant Salt Water Crocodile, some growing to 23 feet in length, along with other reptiles like the Water Monitor Lizard and the King Cobra. The Bhitarkanika Mangroves are home to 55 of India's 58 known mangrove species. There are 82 species of mangroves in India, including rare ones such as Aglaia cucullat a . Kendrapara: A total of 103 nesting sites of estuarine crocodiles have been spotted this year in Odisha’s Bhitarkanika National Park, an official said. The Bhitarkanika mangroves comprise of a wide variety of habitats ranging from the tidal rivers and creek to riverine islands, coastal wetlands and inter tidal zones. Bhitarkanika Mangroves is a mangrove wetland in Odisha, India, covering an area of 650 km (400 mi) in the Brahmani and Baitarani river deltas. Gupti Nature Camp, inside the forests of Bhitarkanika and on the banks of river Patasala has 6 luxury accommodations for night stay. The second largest mangrove forest in the world, the ‘Pichavaram Mangrove Forest’ is situated near Chidambaram in South India. The most recently published official park report shows an increase of adult crocodiles to 308 individuals, as well as a steady increase over the years. When the tide was high, I would snorkel around these ‘octopus plants’ and peer through the lattice work at the life among them. Now Kingfishers are some of the most common birds you find in India. Mangroves are present on the estuary form by the river Devi in Jagatsinghpur district.  Due to the difficulty of trapping and measuring a large living crocodile, the accuracy of these dimensions is yet to be verified. The census breakup of other mammals is monkeys - 1,522, jackals - 305, common langur - 39, otter - 38, sambar deer - 17, jungle cat - 11, fox - 10, Mongoose - 7, wolf- 7, fishing cats - 3, hyena - 12, according to the survey data. Great varieties of mangrove plants are found here which provide home to a variety of rare and endangered species. Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park is known as the “Mini-Amazon” of India. Up to 80,000 individuals were captured every year until 1982. The area is intersected by a network of creeks with Bay of Bengal on the East. As many as 62 species of mangrove & its associates are found in Bhitarkanika Sanctuary. It is located in Kendrapara district of Odisha, India on the deltas of Brahmani and Baitarani rivers, and is spread over 672 square kilometres of area. These observations and estimations have been made by park officials over the course of ten years, from 2006 to 2016, however, regardless of the skill of the observers it cannot be compared to a verified tape measurement, especially considering the uncertainty inherent in visual size estimation in the wild. This is world’s most important nesting beach for Olive Ridley sea turtles. Main article: Bhitarkanika Mangroves. Cerbera manghas is found only in Bhitarkanika and Dangmal forest blocks with a density of 43/ha in Bhitarkanika and 17/ha in Dangmal block. This is India’s second-largest mangrove region, and most of the 672-sq-km delta that forms this wonderful sanctuary is a significant biodiversity hot spot. Mangrove Pitta build nests on high branches of mangrove trees like Heritiera fomes as well as at low height close to the ground in bushy Phoenix paludosa . The mangroves harbor one of India's largest populations of saltwater crocodiles, and Gahirmatha Beach, which separates the mangroves from the Bay of Bengal, is the world's most …  According to the park report in 2006, there were 203 adults, of which 16 measured over 4.9 m (16 ft 1 in); 5 of these 5.5 to 6.1 m (18 ft 1 in to 20 ft 0 in), and 3 over 6.1 m (20 ft 0 in), as well as the preserved skeleton of a 6.0 m (19 ft 8 in) specimen which died one year earlier. INTRODUCTION The mangrove forest in Bhitarkanika of Orissa coast is rich in biological diversity and it is a globally significant habitat for wildlife (1). grove forests found in the state of West Bengal within the delta of the Ganga, Brahmaputra, and Meghna rivers, and 2) Bhitarkanika mangroves in the state of Odisha within the delta of the Mahanadi, Brahmini, and Baitarani rivers. The mangroves of Bhitarkanika National Park, in the Kendrapara district of Orissa, India (located at approximately 20°40'N, 87°00'E) make up about 700 of the 2500 sq. Bhitarkanika Mangroves were designated a Ramsar Wetland of International Importance in 2002. Chen et al. Mangroves are salt tolerant, complex and dynamic eco-systems that occur in tropical and subtropical inter-tidal regions. Mangroves of Bhitarkanika (20° 4` 20° 8`N, 86° 45`E), Orissa occupy a … , About 62 mangrove species occur in the Bhitarkanika Mangroves, including Avicenna, Bruguiera, Heritiera and Rhizophora. Since 1983, collecting and marketing turtles and their eggs is banned. Giant salt water crocodiles and a variety of other wildlife inhabit this eco-system which is one of Asia's most spectacular wildlife sanctuaries. Bhitarkanika has a wide network of tidal rivers and creeks. An average of 240,000 nests per season was estimated between 1976 and 1996. It is also the home of medieval Hindu temples which can be found dotted throughout the sanctuary. Bhitarkanika Mangroves is a mangrove wetland in Odisha, covering an area of 650 km (400 mi) in the Brahmani and Baitarani river deltas. The low lying mangrove forests of Bhitarkanika is subjected to regular tidal inundation twice daily. Between August 2004 and December 2006, 263 bird species were recorded, encompassing 147 resident and 99 migrant species. Sixteen sites of Bhitarkanika mangrove areas were surveyed for the collection of roots and soil samples. , As per the 2014 survey of mammals, first of its kind to be undertaken in the forest and wetland sites of the park; 1,872 spotted deers, 1,213 numbers of wild boars have made the forest areas their home. It is also the home of medieval Hindu temples which can be found dotted throughout the sanctuary. Bhitarkanika Mangroves is India’s second largest forest,located in … The sanctuary is rich in avifauna, mammalian and reptilians and provide habitat for king cobra, Indian python and Asian water monitor. It’s only been a few minutes inside Bhitarkanika’s 145 sq km core area and we come upon the mangroves. Three rivers flow out to sea at Bhitarkanika, forming a tidal maze of muddy creeks and mangroves. The area is also been designated as second Ramsar site of the State after the Chilika Lake. Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary was declared vide notification No.6958/FF AH on 22 April 1975 over an area of 672 km². Some species occurring outside the inter tidal environment are called associates of mangroves. Its 672 km² of mangrove forest and wetland provides home to well over 215 species of birds including winter migrants from central-Asia and Europe. Nearly 1671 saltwater crocodiles inhabit the rivers and creeks. Around 3,000 saltwater crocodiles were born during 2014 annual breeding and nesting season.
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