The leaves contain about 12% tannin, the stems 10.5%, the flowers 13.7% and the roots 8.5%. It is valued as an intestinal disinfectant, especially in cases of enteritis, an infusion is used internally in the treatment of diarrhoea, internal bleeding, excessive menstruation etc[9, 222, 238]. They are especially associated with boggy areas, river banks and ponds, though in cultivation they often tolerate drier conditions. Lythrum salicaria ‘Robert’ is a more compact variant of Purple loosestrife growing to a maximum of around 80cm with spikes of clear pink flowers from June-September. A good bee and butterfly plant. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. See Colautti and Barrett (2013) Ecology The flowering plant is antibiotic, highly astringent, hypoglycaemic, styptic and vulnerary[4, 7, 9, 21, 152, 218, 238]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out in the summer. Excellent for wildlife and designated as Perfect for Pollinators by the RHS. It degrades natural habitat and changes … Lythrum salicaria LITH-rum sal-ih-KARE-ee-ah Audio The showy purple spikes of purple loosestrife are attractive in the garden and along roadsides, but the plant’s rampant spread has greatly reduced the ecological value of marshes by displacing native wetland vegetation such as cattails ( Typha spp.) Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone. More >>>. Stay informed about PFAFs progress, challenges and hopes by signing up for our free email ePost. Edible Shrubs provides detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species. Plants shouldn’t need staking but deadhead spent blooms regularly to maintain a tidy appearance, and divide clumps every three to five years to avoid congestion. Right plant wrong place. Once established, loosestrife stands are difficult and costly to remove by mechanical and chemical means. Take care to prevent further seed spread from clothing or equipment during the removal process. It should not be confused with other plants sharing the name loosestrife that are members of the family Primulaceae. Reed swamps at the margins of lakes and slow-flowing rivers, fens and marshes, avoiding acid soils. According to the U.S Forest Service, Invasive species have contributed to the decline of 42% of U.S. endangered and threatened species, and for 18% of U.S. endangered or threatened species. Purple Loosestrife Lythrum salicaria.  Easily carried by wind and water, the seeds germinate in moist soils after overwintering. Genus Lythrum can be annuals or herbaceous perennials, with simple leaves in opposite pairs and small star-shaped flowers in leafy racemes Details 'Blush' is an erect herbaceous perennial to 80cm in height, with lance-shaped leaves and slender racemes of pale pink flowers from midsummer to early autumn Purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria), a beautiful but aggressive invader, arrived in eastern North America in the early 1800’s.Plants were brought to North America by settlers for their flower gardens, and seeds were present in the ballast holds of European ships that used soil to weigh down the vessels for stability on the ocean. This root damage stunts the plant's growth and ability to create seeds. (Lythrum salicaria) Photo credit: S. Kelly Kearns. Small infestations can be controlled by removing all roots and underground stems. If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. document.write(s); This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. Clipped plants grow back and cut stems readily re-root in the soil to produce new plants. Externally, the plant is used as a cleansing and healing wash for wounds, sores, impetigo, eczema, excess vaginal discharge, vaginal itching etc[7, 222, 238, 254]. Genus Lythrum can be annuals or herbaceous perennials, with simple leaves in opposite pairs and small star-shaped flowers in leafy racemes Details L. salicaria is a robust herbaceous perennial with upright stems to 1.2m tall, clad in narrow, willowy leaves, and small vivid purplish-pink flowers 2cm wide in dense terminal spikes over a long period in summer The stems are reddish-purple or red to purple and square in cross-section. Gardener's HQ Guide to Growing Loosestrife and Purple Willow Herb Lythrum plants are hardy perennials that can reach an height of 150 cm. Lythrum salicaria is listed as an exotic weed in Illinois (525 ILCS 10/3, 10/4) making it illegal to buy, sell or distribute plants, its seeds, or any part without a permit.